Treatment Without Consent: Civil, Criminal, and Disciplinary Sanctions."
My main point was that while the risk of legal penalties for administering unwanted life-sustaining treatment is perceived to be very low, in fact the risk is significant.
Here is one new example. In 1992, Eluana Englaro entered a persistent vegetative state after a car accident. Her father directed the removal of life-sustaining treatment. But even after winning court judgments, the Lombardy administrative region of Italy refused.
Last month, a court awarded Eluana's father 150,000 Euros for not respecting Eluana's right to refuse treatment.